History Trip: Korteniemi Heritage Farm

What life was like on a Finnish farm a hundred years ago? Visit Korteniemi Heritage Farm to find out!

What life was like on a Finnish farm a hundred years ago? Visit Korteniemi Heritage Farm to find out!

Korteniemi Heritage Farm is a former forest ranger’s estate. What makes Korteniemi quite unique is that it’s the only forest ranger estate in Southern Finland which has remained almost unchanged for over a hundred years. The grounds and the buildings on the estate are almost the same as they were in 1910s.

Story of Korteniemi

History of Korteniemi can be traced back to 1880s. After Finnish government bought the forest lands, the district forest surveyors needed a place to stay during their inspection trips. The secluded farm in Korteniemi was a perfect for this purpose.

In the late 1800s the main house got an extra room. Also, the additional buildings, including the sauna, shed, stable, livestock barn and the woodshed were built around the same time period between 1880-1900. The government took part in construction expenses and monitored the quality of the buildings, but other than that, there were no instructions or blueprints. Houses were built mainly just by following traditional construction methods. Because of this the buildings have a real cultural value.

Who were the Forest Rangers ?

So why forest rangers were needed? The main duties of the forest rangers were to monitor and to protect the crown-owned forests. Their job was to prevent forest fires and illegal logging, assist foresters, and sometimes arrange hunts of the large carnivore. Forest rangers usually lived on the secluded farms with their families. They took care of the farm and the livestock, while taking care of their forest ranger duties.

At first forest rangers worked part time, but as they got more tasks, it slowly became a full time job. And often sons took over their father’s job. At the Korteniemi farm, the men from the Lönngren family held the forest ranger’s position for over a hundred years.

Korteniemi Heritage Farm

Nowadays, buildings on the Korteniemi farm are protected and maintained by Metsähallitus, the same goverment organization which manages Finnish national parks. Metsähallitus has restored the farm buildings and created a unique destination.

At the farm old Finnish crops are farmed in both the estates gardens and fields by traditional methods. Rye is cut with scythes, dried on racks and threshed with flails in the drying barn. Farm is also home to indigenous Finnish farm animals like horses, cows, sheep, chickens and of course a rooster.

Korteniemi can be visited during summer, and like Finnish national park, there is no entry fee. Korteniemi is located in Liesjärvi National Park, so if you want an authentic forest ranger experience, why not taking a hiking trip on one of the trails in the national park.

Address to the farm is Korteniementie 270, Tammela, Finland.

Korteniemi Heritage Farm
Korteniemi Heritage Farm
Main house at the Korteniemi Heritage Farm
Buildings at the Korteniemi Heritage Farm
Sheep at the Korteniemi Heritage Farm


Respect Nature – National Park Etiquette for Visitors

National parks are protected areas, so nature is almost untouched. And by following a simple national park etiquette, we all can help to preserve them

Visiting a national park is one of the best ways to enjoy Finnish nature. You get to enjoy it’s beauty, silence, purity. It’s close to perfect out there. National parks are protected areas, so nature is almost untouched. And by following a simple national park etiquette, we all can help to preserve these wonders of nature.

The biggest threat to these nature reserves are the visitors. We are all nature lovers. That’s why we want to enjoy it. So how we can help to preserve the nature and keep it as it is? Well, there is a one easy thumb rule to follow: Respect nature!

National Park Etiquette – Just 6 Simple Rules

1. Respect Nature

National parks are created to preserve nature. But to make visits possible, there are usually marked trails to follow. These trails will lead you to the most beautiful places. To avoid any unnecessary wear and tear, stay on these trails. Don’t take shortcuts.

You may pick berries and mushrooms, but don’t collect plants or cut tree branches. Don’t build rock piles either. Even if you have seen that others have done it. Rock piles can be harmful to nature and disrespectful of cultural values.

2. Respect Wildlife

National parks are excellent for wildlife watching. But remember that this is their home. We are just visiting. Observe wildlife from distance. Don’t try to approach or feed animals. And don’t enter restricted areas. Dogs are usually welcomed to national parks but must be kept on a leash.

3. Respect Other Visitors

How cool it would be if you were the only visitor in that forest. Unfortunately, there are usually others who want to enjoy of the same nature experience as you do. So let’s make it great for everyone. Nature trails aren’t usually very crowded, but sometimes there are more people on the same trail. Let others pass you easily. And when you stop for a view, move off the trail. People usually greet each other on the forest trail. It’s not a must, but a nice habit if the trail isn’t very crowded.

4. Camp Only Where Allowed

Camping is usually allowed only in designated camping areas. Check if camping is allowed in your destination.

5. Be Careful with Fire

If you want to light a fire, there are designated campfire sites for that. Check first if the forest or grass fire warning is in effect. And always be careful with fire.

6. Keep Nature Clean

The easiest way to keep nature clean and beautiful is to avoid littering. Leave nothing behind! Instead you can have a little bag with you for your trash. And if you see someone else have accidentally dropped something, you can pick that up and take it away with you.

So here you go. Just a few things. A simple national park etiquette for visiting a nature reserve in Finland, or in any country. But always check the destination’s own guidelines and rules before you go.

National Parks Visitor Guidelines

Nature Destination: Koli National Park

Koli National Park is best known for it’s hills and breathtaking views. But the hills aren’t the only thing Koli has to offer.

Koli National Park is located in North Karelia, in eastern Finland. This national park is best known for it’s hills and breathtaking views. The view from the top of Ukko-Koli hill to Lake Pielinen is one of the best known landscapes in Finland. And is therefore also a very popular tourist attraction. Koli is one of the Finland’s national landscapes and has been inspiring both artists and tourists who have captured this amazing view in numerous paintings and photographs.

Facts About Koli National Park

Things to See in Koli National Park

As Koli is known for it’s hills, visiting Koli National Park requires a bit of climbing to. But let me assure, it will be worth it. The views from the peaks are amazing!

The best known of the Koli’s many hills is the Ukko-Koli. From the peak of Ukko-Koli opens up a amazing view to Lake Pielinen. The peak of Ukko-Koli reaches 354 metres above sea level and is 253 metres above the surface of Lake Pielinen. Ukko-Koli isn’t the only hill at Koli. There are also many others peaks worth visiting. For example Paha-Koli, Akka-Koli, Vesivaara and Mäkrävaara.

Although the breathtaking views are the best of Koli, they aren’t the only reason to visit. There is a Koli Nature Center Ukko, which is located close by the peak of Ukko-Koli hill. Koli National Park is located on the shores of beautiful Lake Pielinen, which is the fourth largest lake in Finland. And as this this a national park, it perhaps goes without saying that Koli has also many hiking trails to enjoy.

One of which is the Sataman polku (Koli harbour) nature trail. If you like climbing, this is the one for you. It is known to be the oldest marked nature trail in Finland and takes you from the shores of Pielinen up to the peak of Ukko-Koli.

Other interesting places to visit are the small waterfall called Tarhapuro, 33 metre long Z-shaped boulder cave named Pirunkirkko (Devil’s Church) and an ancient sacrificial site named Uhrihalkeama (Sacrifice Cleft).

Places to Visit in Koli

  • Breathtaking views from the peaks of the hills Ukko-Koli, Akka-Koli, Paha-Koli, Vesivaara, Mäkrävaara, Paimenenvaara, Jauholanvaara, Hirvivaara
  • Koli Nature Center Ukko
  • Tarhapuro waterfall
  • Uhrihalkeama (Sacrifice Cleft) ancient sacrificial site
  • Pirunkirkko (Devil’s Church) boulder cave
  • Lake Pielinen
  • Sataman polku (Koli harbour) nature trail

For more info visit Koli National Park website

Finnish National Parks are Trendy

Finnish National parks have become so popular that you could almost call them trendy. In 2021, Finland’s national parks were visited over 4 million times.

Finnish National parks have become so popular that you could almost call them trendy. In 2021, Finland’s national parks were visited over 4 million times. In a country with a population of 5.5 million, that’s quite impressive.

National Parks are Trendy

Visitor numbers have been growing steadily year by year. They have almost doubled in the last 10 years. And with the new Salla National Park opening in 2022, visitor numbers can be expected to grow even further.

Naturally, not every person in Finland doesn’t visit national parks, but some like to visit frequently. And it is easy to guess why. National parks are a great way to enjoy nature. And even if you have already visited the park once, the second visit can be very different. You can take a different trail. Or you can visit different time of the year. Because each season is a unique in Finnish nature.

Pallas-Yllästunturi was the Trendiest in 2021

Metsähallitus Parks and Wildlife Finland, which manages Finnish national parks, releases yearly visitor numbers. These estimates are based on the data collected with electronic counters counting visitors on trails.

Based on this data, the most popular Finnish national park in 2021 was the Pallas-Yllästunturi National Park with 699 000 visits. the second place goes to Urho Kekkonen National Park with 446 000 visits, and the third most popular was the Nuuksio National Park with 314 500 visits.

The least popular, or least number of visits gathered the Bothnian Bay National Park. Reasons for this could be that this national park is located only on islands. So visiting Bothnian Bay National Park is a bit more challenging, and counting visits even more challenging than in other parks. Bothnian Bay National Park gathered 6 300 visits in 2021.

Another “quiet” destination was the Hiidenportti National Park. It got only 15 000 visits in 2021. But it doesn’t mean that it would be any less significant than other parks. And with so few visits, it’s guaranteed to offer peace and quiet.


Thanks to active sisters Marianna & Katarina

These are Finland’s 41 National Parks

Finland has 41 national parks. The first one opened in 1938. The latest addition is Salla National Park.

Finland has 41 national parks. The first one opened in 1938. The latest addition is Salla National Park opened in 2022. Here are the Finland’s 41 national parks from largest to smallest.

Lemmenjoki National Park

  • Area 2858 km²

Urho Kekkonen National Park

  • Area 2549 km²

Pallas–Yllästunturi National Park

  • Area 1023 km²

Bothnian Sea National Park

  • Area 916 km²

Archipelago National Park

  • Area 527 km²

Syöte National Park

  • Area 302 km²

Oulanka National Park

  • Area 285 km²

Bothnian Bay National Park

  • Area 149 km²

Pyhä–Luosto National Park

  • Area 144

Hossa National Park

  • Area 111 km²

Patvinsuo National Park

  • Area 105 km²

Salla National Park

  • Area 100 km²

Linnansaari National Park

  • Area 97 km²

Riisitunturi National Park

  • Area 76 km²

Kauhaneva-Pohjankangas National Park

  • Area 67 km²

Salamajärvi National Park

  • Area 65 km²

Kolovesi National Park

  • Area 61 km²

Lauhanvuori National Park

  • Area 59 km²

Nuuksio National Park

Ekenäs Archipelago National Park

  • Area 55 km²

Helvetinjärvi National Park

  • Area 50 km²

Seitseminen National Park

  • Area 46 km²

Hiidenportti National Park

  • Area 45 km²

Tiilikkajärvi National Park

  • Area 35 km²

Teijo National Park

  • Area 34 km²

Leivonmäki National Park

  • Area 31 km²

Kurjenrahka National Park

  • Area 31 km²

Torronsuo National Park

  • Area 31 km²

Koli National Park

Puurijärvi and Isosuo National Park

  • Area 28 km²

Sipoonkorpi National Park

  • Area 24 km²

Isojärvi National Park

  • Area 22 km²

Liesjärvi National Park

  • Area 21 km²

Valkmusa National Park

  • Area 19 km²

Rokua National Park

  • Area 17 km²

Southern Konnevesi National Park

  • Area 16 km²

Päijänne National Park

  • Area 16 km²

Repovesi National Park

  • Area 16 km²

Pyhä-Häkki National Park

  • Area 13 km²

Gulf of Finland National Park

  • Area 9 km²

Petkeljärvi National Park

  • Area 7 km²

Check the map of the locations from www.nationalparks.fi/nationalparks

National Parks